Helium Application

2022-05-24 | Blog


Helium Application


Helium (He) is a colourless, odourless, non-toxic, non-explosive, non-corrosive and non-flammable gas. It is mainly sourced from the natural gas wells. This valuable gas is in short supply over the world. The price is always unsteady and varies according to the consumption and supply.

Liquid helium is widely used in scientific research and technology. With the lowest boiling point (–269° C),liquid helium is the coldest substance on the earth. It can be used for ultra-low temperature cooling. The ultra-low temperature cooling technology has a wide range of applications in superconducting technology and other fields. Superconducting materials need to exhibit superconducting properties at low temperatures (around 100K). In most cases, only liquid helium can easily achieve such extremely low temperatures.Superconducting technology is widely used in Maglev train in the transportation industry and MRI equipment in the medical field.  

In fact, helium is indispensable in a wide range of industries. For example, it is used to pressurise rocket fuel;heat treatment and epitaxial crystal growth; create inert atmospheres for welding ; purge semiconductor atmospheres; calibrate analytical instruments; inflate airplane tyres and airbags; test for vacuum leaks; play as a role of shielding as for welding metails; inflate large balloons for meteorological studies or parties; and fill electronic tubes in neon signs. It also combines with oxygen for breathing gas mixtures for divers in the field of marine exploration.

The non-flammable, low-density properties of helium make it a safe choice for the entertainment industry, where it is used to inflate balloons for celebration in parties and special events.

Depending on different consumption volume requirements, helium is supplied in different packing way such as in special insulated ISO containers, tube trailers, dewars, multi-cylinder packs (MCPs), regular cylinders or portable cylinders.

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